In many cases, bay vomiting is caused by some problem that your baby may be suffering from. However, it is not always the case. You will find a number of other reasons why babies throw up and some of them are rather simple while others need medical attention to solve the problem.
Vomit or spit-up?
Spitting up, more popularly referred to as colic, is most common amongst newborns and happens due to gastric reflux that often occurs while the baby sucks on his mother’s milk. This particular problem has been witnessed and is common in many babies throughout the initial few weeks of life, as opposed to those who experience it after the age of three. It is usually common among newborns but can also occur with some older children. On the other hand, vomiting occurs at the onset of the baby’s cough, being hungry or dehydrated, respiratory problems, encephalitis, and so on.
Possible causes of vomiting without a fever
A common reason why babies tend to vomit is that they are suffering from dehydration. Dehydration may be caused by a number of factors including insufficient fluid intake during the early months of a baby’s life. On top of that, the mother’s breast milk will lose its volume and this would cause a baby’s body to reduce the rate of metabolism, resulting in the body becoming dehydrated even before the baby has consumed any liquids. This is why a pregnant woman’s diet can be a reason for dehydration as well and it is important to keep hydrated by drinking lots of fluids. However, the main reason for dehydration is insufficient fluid intake. If you notice your baby has been vomiting, you may want to ensure your baby receives adequate fluid intakes even when the vomiting has stopped.
Gastroenteritis is one possibility and is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Severe reactions occur when the infection spreads to the esophagus, which causes the patient to vomit. Gastroenteritis causes a burning sensation in the stomach, chest, and throat. A common cause of nausea and vomiting is motion sickness. If a child is suffering from motion sickness and vomiting frequently, it is recommended that he should be taken immediately to the nearest hospital for evaluation and possible treatment.
- Poor nutrition
Another very common reason for babies to vomit is because they have not received proper nutrition during the first few months of life. Milk is the most important source of nutrients for the infant and, therefore, it is crucial that breastfeeding be continued for at least the first six months of life. However, sometimes the mother has to substitute breast milk with other types of milk that will provide the necessary nutrients to ensure successful breastfeeding. Other mothers who find it difficult to breastfeed can opt for formula. Sometimes, however, this does not help babies become less prone to spitting up because the formula contains all of the necessary nutrients that the body needs.
- Problems in the intestines
A more serious reason why babies throw up often is because of a condition called hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. This condition occurs when a hole in the small intestine forms near the stomach. This hole is called a sigmoid, which is quite small in most cases. While this is a rare condition, it can cause severe damage to the small intestine and can result in excessive vomiting.
- Esophagus problems
Why babies throw up can also be linked to the muscles in the esophagus. The muscle tone can change and there can be contractions that stretch the muscle, causing it to tear. An example of this is seen when the baby swallows air while asleep. If the baby’s throat is open while that happens, he or she can experience an airway blockage, which is what causes the spitting motion.
- H.Pyloric stenosis
One of the most common theories on the reasons why babies throw up involves H.Pyloric stenosis. This condition is associated with an abnormality in the passage of air through the baby’s throat. H.Pyloric stenosis can cause a baby to experience vomiting, belching, nausea, bloating, coughing, and even sweating. The only treatment for this disorder is a medical procedure that can be performed by a doctor. Fortunately, the treatment is safe for most babies.
- Swelling of the valves
One of the more serious causes of baby vomiting and regurgitation is a condition called “swelling of the valves”. This is actually quite common, but it usually occurs when the baby is severely dehydrated. As a baby drinks milk, the secretion of milk by the lactiferous glands causes the valve to close. However, as the milk continues to be secreted, the valve slowly opens so the child can more efficiently drink his or her regular milk. Unfortunately, if this condition occurs frequently, it can lead to serious complications and eventually to the baby’s death.
- Breastfeeding problems
The possible causes of the vomiting of your baby depend on how much milk is being produced and on how long the milk is being secreted. If the milk is being quickly produced and the infant is drinking plenty of water, there is probably nothing to worry about. On the other hand, if the milk isn’t being secreted rapidly enough, the baby may have trouble eating and drinking and may begin to show signs of having trouble swallowing. If you notice these symptoms in your infant, contact your pediatrician right away to find out exactly what is wrong. There are certain medications that can help calm burping and make it less likely that the condition will progress into severe complications such as perleche.
When to see a doctor?
If your baby is vomiting frequently and doesn’t seem to be getting better, you should make an appointment with your pediatrician as soon as possible. Identifying the causes of baby vomiting can help to provide much-needed relief for this distressed youngster. It can also help to provide prevention for the rest of the baby’s childhood if proper preventative measures are taken.