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Sore throat – Symptoms and causes

Photo by Victoria Borodinova via Pexels

Sometimes called a cold sore, a sore throat is an irritated, dry, or scratchy sensation in the neck that tends to worsen while swallowing food or drinks. This feeling can range from a slight sore to very severe pain and it is the result of an infection or irritation in your throat.

Mainly, sore throats can be caused by many things that tend to affect people differently. On the other hand, a sore throat is not something serious and you should not really worry about it as long as you know what is causing it, and you treat it as soon as you feel any symptoms.

For that, in this article, we will list all the probable causes of this conditions and tell you how you can treat them by merely following easy home remedies.

1) Sore throat causes

One of the most common causes of a sore throat is infections that tend to happen at a higher rate during the cold and winter season. Adding to that, people may also get a sore throat because they have a cold, sinus infection, or some type of flu.

Additionally, strep throat can be another cause for your sore throat, mainly an infection of the tonsils. This usually happens when small bacteria from strep throat can get into the airways, travel to the lungs, and cause a sore throat.

One should also note that a sore throat can be simply caused by dry air, and it tends to be recurrent for people with respiratory illnesses. Not only this, but other causes may also include allergies, dust, chemicals, and pollen

In some cases, it is widespread that sore throats can also be caused by colds or flu-type symptoms, including the flu virus and the common cold that tends to infect people at a higher rate during the fall and winter seasons.

These colds cause your body to produce antibodies against certain things, including your own body. If your body keeps producing antibodies against your own throat, then the membranes of the soft palate will get irritated, making it easier for bacteria to grow. With that in mind, this can cause infections of the throat, tonsillar swellings, and ear infections.

2) symptoms

In general, sore throat symptoms are not confusing various. One can even self-diagnose themselves for a sore throat since it mainly comes with obvious and direct signs.
Sore throat symptoms usually take the form of fever, often caused by a change in the body’s temperature. One can list fatigue, loss of appetite, and chills, as well as an aching sensation while trying to swallow food or drinks.

Sometimes, people might also develop other symptoms similar to those of a viral infection, like a red rash around the neck or face, and these infections are caused when bacteria travel through the air we breathe or if they enter through an opened sore, usually from a toothbrush or a cracked mouth.

3) Remedies

  • Gargling

One can try gargling with salt water or herbal saltwater. Mainly, gargling helps open the nasal passage to increase breathing effectiveness and reduce the number of bacteria. Also, gargling with a mixture of lemon juice and warm water is another popular remedy; it tastes great and has a cleansing effect.

  • Scratchy lemon

Another home remedy that can make the pain go away is the scratchy lemon. All you need to do is soak a few cotton balls in hot water and place them on your throat area. After about 30 minutes, rinse the area with cool or lukewarm water.

Basically, the natural oils in the lemon will soothe the pain from the scratchy surface and make it easier to heal and you should also keep on drinking lots of water as this will help you ease the inflammation and pain.

  • Vinegar

For example, apple cider vinegar is another one of the many remedies that can ease discomfort from sore throats. You can start by mixing two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with a quart of warm water and drink this twice a day.

Like the salt gargle, the acid in the apple cider vinegar will help relieve congestion in the lining of the nose and throat. and it actually has many anti-bacterial properties that will kill the bacteria and heal your throat in no time.

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